HOMEWORK

Purpose
The purpose of this weeks Topic Forum is to explore cybercrime and develop explanations from the context of the Classical perspective; most specifically, Routine Activities. 
Instructions

Locate a computer crime or IT-enabled abuse news story using a search engine of your choice, e.g., Google, or an electronic COD library resource
Review the attached covering the Twenty Five Techniques of Situational Prevention ()
Reread about Routine Activities theory (pp. 67-68), within Chapter 3

 Answer at least two of the following questions:

Apply the tenets of routine activities theory (RAT) {lifestyle theory} [see Chapter 3 Neoclassical Criminology] to describe how the cyber-crime in your example was possible
Explain how the crime in your example may have been prevented. That is, identify target hardening techniques that would have prevented the crime (see 25 techniques grid).
In your own words, explain how technology (specifically cyber-space) has changed the nature of offending; if at all.
In your own words, explain how technology (specifically cyber-space) has changed methods of reducing opportunity

Key Concepts and Context
Within the framework of classical/choice theory, perceptions of opportunities to commit crime are very important. Routine activities theory builds on this foundation by claiming that crimes are more likely to be committed by motivated offenders who have suitable targets in the absence of capable guardians.
Routine activities of perpetrators, as well as those of potential victims and other actors, thus result in opportunities for committing and preventing cybercrimes with technology. As such, routine activities theory has important implications for understanding crimes committed with or prevented with computers, other electronic IT devices, or information systems.
One measure of situational crime prevention is target hardening. Target hardening makes it more difficult for offenders to carry out crimes on specific targets. The use of locked doors, windows, alarm systems, watchdogs, and community crime watch programs are all examples of target hardening–making it harder to become a victim of crime.

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