Population Health Problem Solution Essay

Population Health Problem Solution

 

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Patient, Family, or Population Health Problem Solution

 

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Patient, Family, or Population Health Problem Solution

The medical condition distinguished with the end goal of this assessment is Gastroesophageal reflux illness known as GERD. GERD is the most well-known gastrointestinal problem in the United States answerable for more than nine million short-term visits a year (Richter and Rubenstein, 2018). This issue is brought about by stomach corrosive every now and again streaming once more into an individual’s throat. To get an analysis, a doctor might arrange an upper endoscopy, a wandering corrosive test, an esophageal manometry, an x-ray of the upper stomach related framework, or dependent just upon an actual assessment of the individual’s side effects (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2020). Indigestion and disgorging are the most often experienced side effects of GERD, however, may likewise incorporate chest discomfort, sickness and heaving, and dysphagia (Richter and Rubenstein, 2018). In spite of the fact that mortality related with GERD is not often, it can cause serious imperfections in an individual’s personal satisfaction.

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The patient I teamed up with is a thirty-three-year-old Hispanic male determined to have GERD three years prior. Risk factors for GERD incorporate weight, pregnancy, hiatal hernias, connective tissue issues, deferred stomach purging, white race, male sex, old age, smoking, eating enormous suppers before bed, greasy or seared food varieties, liquor, espresso, and certain meds like ibuprofen (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2020). This patient has a few of these gamble factors including his sex, dietary propensities, way of life decisions, and being overweight. Right now, the patient encounters indigestion consistently and encounters spewing forth or retching a few times each week. He is conflicting with his prescription and misses the mark on inspiration to focus on long haul way of life decisions that could work on his side effects.

It is my obligation to give ideal patient consideration using the most recent proof-based rehearses as a nurse. A critical piece of patient consideration is giving careful patient instruction to permit the patient to deal with their side effects and wellbeing worries outside of the clinic. As I laid out beforehand, GERD is the most well-known gastrointestinal issue in the United States influencing a huge number of Americans consistently. An individual’s way of life decisions enormously affects the seriousness of side effects GERD has. The joint effort with this patient will zero in on quiet schooling to incorporate way of life changes, medicine consistence, and side effect triggers addressed by an intercession to assist with dealing with his sickness through an instructive handout.

Role of Leadership & Change Management

Compelling authority procedures can reinforce the quality and reconciliation of care. In spite of the fact that there is a wide range of authority systems, the best for treating this patient is the groundbreaking administration style. The groundbreaking initiative takes into consideration making trusting and rousing connections between the attendant and the patient. This style implants certainty, regard, assurance, and usefulness in those it serves (Sfantou et al., 2017).

This patient consideration plan would be best executed utilizing Lewin’s Theory of Planned Change. This hypothesis is involved three phases; unfreezing, moving, and refreezing (Barrow et al., 2021). The unfreezing stage would involve the patient arrangement that a change should be made, for this situation, his side effects influence his personal satisfaction. The moving stage starts the progressions essential. For this patient, this would incorporate his fundamental way of life adjustments and drug consistence. The last stage, refreezing, would comprise of laying out and proceeding with his new daily schedule of side effect regulation.

Communication and Collaboration

It is essential to get the two patients and their families associated with their consideration for ideal patient results. Figuring out a patient’s wellbeing proficiency is the initial step to effectively teaching them on their finding and treatment to make them accomplices in their own medical services. Having families present during this schooling will guarantee that they support the data to their friends and family. Patients furnished with quality training have a higher opportunity for effective recuperation, treatment consistence, and less emergency clinic affirmations (Feiler, 2022).

Successful correspondence among patients and their healthcare team structures confiding seeing someone and better understanding results. With restricted time accessible during arrangements, suppliers actually must utilize “significant” correspondence. Utilizing humane non-verbal communication, for example, plunking down during arrangements to not cause patients to feel hurried, full focus to the patient as opposed to reporting while at the same time talking with patients, and gesturing while the patient is addressing recognize their words are for the most part instances of how to construct a believing relationship with patients utilizing significant correspondence (Orsini, 2018). At the point when a patient trusts their healthcare team, they are bound to finish treatment and experience improved results.

Practice Standards and Policies

Each state in the United States has its own novel arrangement of nursing practice guidelines put forward guidelines on nursing care authorized by each state’s Board of Nursing (BON). “NPAs underline the responsibility of all medical caretakers for giving as well as further developing safe client care” (Huynh and Haddad, 2021). The New Jersey BON depicts an enlisted proficient medical healthcare worker as diagnosing and getting patient reactions to their medical conditions through tolerant training, case finding, and wellbeing directing. It takes note that an attendant’s indicative honor is particular from a clinical finding in that it recognizes and oversees physical and psychosocial side effects inside the nursing extent of training (Department of Law and Public Safety, 2020). Attendants should keep a decent upright person while working on nursing care. Working under these nursing practice principles will guarantee moral top-notch nursing care to give ideal patient results. Side effect regulation, and instruction are inside the New Jersey nursing practice principles.

The American Nurses Association (ANA) has fostered a nursing general set of principles that fills in as a bunch of guidelines and directions for healthcare workers to practice and pursue choices in light of their qualities while keeping inside their extent of training (Haddad and Geiger, 2021). The nursing overarching set of principles is comprised of nine arrangements to direct attendants into moral navigation. Summed up, these arrangements incorporate rehearsing with empathy, continuously serving the patient, pushing for the benefit of the patient, taking responsibility, proceeding with individual and expert development, working on the moral climate of the working environment, performing the insightful request, teaming up, and keeping up with civil rights (Haddad and Geiger, 2021). Each attendant should be comfortable with the nursing overarching set of principles as it is the establishment of great patient-focused care.

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) executed in 2010 made health care coverage more reasonable to Americans in this manner permitting more individuals to have medical care. Under this demonstration, the insurance agency is expected to cover people with previous circumstances at no additional expenses and proposition free protection care (U.S. Places for Medicare and Medicaid, n.d.). Numerous patients with GERD depend on PPIs for side effect regulation as a deep-rooted treatment. This can turn into exorbitant as a cash-based cost. The ACA makes seeing a supplier more open and consequently permits individuals to have the option to get solutions for these significant prescriptions frequently for less expensive expenses than over-the-counter items.

The mediation for this patient; the instructive handout, adheres to the Massachusetts BON practice guidelines. All data given in the handout is well inside the baccalaureate-arranged attendant’s extent of training by distinguishing side effects and instructing the patient on

the board techniques. The handout follows the moral standards of nursing by giving proof-based data through insightful requests. The handout will be made accessible for doctors’ workplaces, drug stores, and at local area-based assets, for example, wellbeing and wellness focuses to guarantee it arrives at the interest group. Because of the ACA, more individuals can get medical services for the administration of their side effects.

Effectiveness of Intervention on Care, Safety, and Cost

If there are no serious side effects influencing the patient, for example, dysphagia, way of life change is the primary line of safeguard in overseeing GERD side effects (Clarrett and Hachem, 2018). These changes incorporate lifting the top of the bed, smoking end, lessening liquor utilization, weight reduction, and keeping away from NSAIDs. The patient actually should note what sets off their side effects too, whether it is twisting around in the wake of eating, broiled food varieties, eating before bed, and so on. The regulation of side effects is by and large financially savvy and agreeable, notwithstanding, adherence to doctors giving way of life changes is shoddy (Yadlapati et al., 2017). The pamphlet precisely and briefly records straightforward everyday errands the patient can do to diminish their side effects. By having it accessible for doctors to give to their patients, it will build their adherence to quality measures.

Untreated or inadequately oversaw GERD can have extreme results including esophagitis and Barrett’s throat (Clarrett and Hachem, 2018). Esophagitis can then cause extreme disintegrations, ulcerations, and GI dying. Regular corrosive openness might prompt scarring and injuries which may then cause dysphagia with additional entanglements like yearnings, pneumonia, and ailing health (Azer and Kshirsagar, 2021). Barrett’s throat can possibly change into esophageal adenocarcinoma. Factors related with a higher occurrence of creating esophageal adenocarcinoma incorporate a noticeable columnar-lined throat, serious suggestive GERD, male orientation, Caucasian race, familial history, standard utilization of PPIs, stoutness, smoking, and liquor use (Chandrasoma, 2018). Albeit extremely normal and treatable, GERD has the potential to have devasting and exorbitant entanglements whenever left untreated. Giving the right and need-to-know data to patients in a reasonable manner can help forestall these

complexities from creating.

            GERD influences over 20% of the United States populace, notwithstanding, that number is likely a lot higher as many experiencing GERD go untreated or self-oversee side effects. A review directed has shown that American workers on normal burn through $8,664 of their well-being benefits on GERD, $4,226 more than those without GERD (Holliday, 2020). This does exclude the expenses of patients’ psychological wellness conditions, for example, nervousness and despondency that are frequently connected with GERD because of its impacts on one’s personal satisfaction. Studies have likewise shown that workers with GERD have used 41% more days off than those without GERD causing an expansion in circuitous expenses, and brought down efficiency (Holliday, 2020).

            Of the multitude of gastrointestinal infections, GERD has the most noteworthy all-out roundabout and direct expenses adding over ten billion dollars every year (Locke, 2021). GERD has a wide exhibit of side effects adding to the cost of clinical visits and lab testing to preclude different problems. The expenses of precluding heart conditions, for example, coronary failures because of the related chest torment GERD might cause are very high. Different expenses incorporate over-the-counter and doctor-prescribed drugs, office and clinic visits, and careful endlessly costs from creating difficulties (Locke, 2021). Giving writing on what patients can expect may diminish the expenses of precluding conditions as the patient will know what’s in store assuming their side effects are exacerbated.

Technology, Care Coordination, & Community Resources

Patients living with constant circumstances extraordinarily benefit from care coordination arranging. Compelling consideration coordination arranging thinks about the patient’s inclinations and needs and imparts them to all people engaged with the patient’s consideration, to accomplish protected and superior grade medical care (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2018). Facilitators alongside the patient’s Accountable Care Organizations (ACO) cooperate to forestall any superfluous copy testing or prescription blunders. This cooperative exertion expands the patient’s consistence with their treatment, and along these lines emphatically impacts their results. The nurse’s crucial job in care coordination arranging is to be a solid supporter for their patients. Medical caretakers guarantee the voice of the patient is heard while working together with the whole medical care group. They are ready to work with an assorted populace with an assortment of complicated needs no matter what their work on setting making their job in care coordination of most extreme significance (Swan et al., 2019). They persistently teach the patient and their family on their illness interaction, treatment routine, medicine schooling, and release directions.

“The administration of GERD requires an interprofessional approach including essential consideration suppliers, gastroenterologists, otolaryngologists, pulmonologists, bariatric specialists, and drug specialists” (Antunes and Aleem, 2021). Numerous patients with GERD will just require the regulation by their essential consideration supplier, nonetheless, patients with additional extreme side effects or intricacies require a group of experts to deal with their infection to accomplish a greater of life. Essential consideration suppliers might make the underlying conclusion and supplier references to experts in light of their evaluation of side effects. Patients who are overweight might should be furnished with guiding administrations for way of life changes and bariatric medical procedures. Respiratory experts ought to be brought into the interdisciplinary group when patients present with persistent hacking, asthma, or raspiness. A multidisciplinary approach prompts the most ideal results for the patient (Antunes and Aleem, 2021).

Care facilitators can likewise guide patients to various local area assets applicable to their

condition. There are a few web-based help bunches for individuals living with GERD in which they can pose each other inquiries, and offer guidance, and general help. One such care group is gone through the WebMD’s site and incorporates different conversation presents accessible for nothing on its users (Reflux.org, n.d.). Since patients with comparable findings can connect with one another, support bunches fundamentally affect working on individuals’ emotional wellness, particularly during the Covid-19 pandemic where socialization is restricted (Suresh et al., 2021).

As recently referenced, GERD the board frequently requires way of life alterations. Patients who are overweight, eat seared food varieties, and smoke are bound to intensify their side effects. Many states have assets for smoking discontinuance and wellbeing focuses to assist with tending to these ways of life decisions. The Massachusetts Department of Health offers grown-up occupants assets for their excursion to stop smoking. They are given a welcome unit that incorporates admittance to help gatherings, quit mentors, and a two free weeks’ inventory of nicotine patches to battle urges (Massachusetts Tobacco Cessation and Prevention Program (MTCP). Albeit these and numerous different conveniences are remembered for enrollments, some might confront monetary hindrances to these projects because of expensive participation rates.

E-recommending is turning out to be more typical in both long-term and short-term settings. Electronic remedies dispense with the mystery of deciphering unintelligible penmanship from suppliers on conventional solution slips. This increments patient wellbeing as its suppliers mistake-free reasonable remedies straightforwardly to the patients’ drug store, assisting with wiping out the risks from polypharmacy (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, 2021).

The utilization of E-prescriptions likewise increments drug consistence for patients. Studies have shown that the utilization of E-prescriptions has expanded the underlying remedy fill rate by a modest amount when contrasted with the people who utilize conventional paper remedies (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2022). These frameworks likewise by and large send electronic prompts to patients when the time has come to get or reorder their medicines permitting their suppliers to check whether they are being agreeable with treatment and recognize any holes that should be tended to. My volunteer expresses that it assists with keeping him from stalling on getting the solutions filled which was in many cases an issue for him in the past with conventional paper prescriptions. Likewise, he specifically much rather has his solutions sent electronically due to the benefit of not losing the hard copy prescription and for financial reasons. He expresses that it likewise assists with keeping him from stalling on getting the solutions filled which was in many cases an issue for him in the past with conventional paper remedies. In any case, innovation is not without its shortcomings. A few obstructions to the outcome of E-prescriptions might incorporate choosing some unacceptable patient, framework ready exhaustion, inaccurate prescription determination, and difficulties between frameworks of the supplier and drug store (Degnan, 2019).

Innovation has likewise made it workable for various treatment choices for GERD. Not every person experiencing GERD will answer way of life changes and PPIs alone. While medical procedure is a choice, new innovation has made overseeing side effects less obtrusive. BARRX Radio Frequency Ablation Therapy considers the obliteration of precancerous cells brought about by difficulties of GERD through an upper endoscopy strategy (Saint Peter’s Healthcare System, 2017). This technique is an immediate methodology that requires zero cuts and has a short recuperation period. The ManoScan ESO High-Resolution Manometry System has made it feasible for a research facility-based symptomatic test that requires under ten minutes to finish. The high-goal symbolism makes diagnosing GERD and other esophageal problems more exact (Saint Peter’s Healthcare System, 2017). The Digitrapper Reflux Testing System via a catheter permits suppliers to track down the wellspring of a patient’s unharmed heartburn. One more demonstrative medical services innovation for GERD is the Bravo Reflux Testing System which utilizes a case to gather analytic information while the patient approaches their typical everyday exercises. This innovation gives suppliers more precise demonstrative outcomes as it takes into consideration longer-term observing of side effects (Saint Peter’s Healthcare System, 2017).

Conclusion

Taking everything into account, in spite of the fact that GERD is extremely normal, treatment is for the most part savvy and can fundamentally diminish side effects. The joined handout gives patients appropriate data in a succinct and direct manner. Making the leaflets effectively accessible to target crowds in doctor workplaces, drug stores, and health focuses can furnish patients with the data they need to forestall serious intricacies. The proof-based assets it gives can extraordinarily work on the personal satisfaction of those experiencing GERD.

References

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Antunes, C., & Aleem, A. (2021, July 18). Gastroesophageal reflux disease (S. Curtis, Ed.). https://www.statpearls.com/articlelibrary/viewarticle/22098/

Azer, S. A., & Kshirsagar, R. K. (2021). Dysphagia. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK559174/

Barrow, J. M., Annamaraju, P., & Toney-Butler, T. J. (2021). Change management. Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies, 285–285. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10576-1_300059

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Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2021, December 1). E-prescribing. CMS.gov. https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/E-Health/Eprescribing

Chandrasoma, P. T. (2018). Esophageal adenocarcinoma. In Gerd (pp. 341–389). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-809855-4.00012-9

Clarrett, D. M., & Hachem, C. (2018). Gastroesophageal reflex disease (GERD). Missouri medicine, 115(3), 214–218. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6140167/

Degnan, D. (2019). Pros and cons of electronic prescribing. PharmacyToday, 25(4), 32. https://www.pharmacytoday.org/article/S1042- 0991(19)30376-7/fulltext

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Holliday, S. (2020, June 25). Gastrointestinal diseases in america: The costly impact on employers and patients (J. Blair, Ed.). The Health Care Blog. https://thehealthcareblog.com/blog/2020/06/25/gastrointestinal-diseases-in-americathe-costly-impact-on-employers-and-patients

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Locke, R. G. (2021, June 30). The prevalence and impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease – about gerd. About GERD. https://aboutgerd.org/whatis/preval

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Saint Peter’s Healthcare System. (2017, December 13). Story from saint peter’s: New technology to diagnose and treat gerd and swallowing disorders. MyCentralJersey.com. https://www.mycentraljersey.com/story/sponsor-story/saintpeters/2017/12/13/new-technology-diagnose-and-treat-gerd-and-swallowing-disorderssecond-series-gerd/949598001/

Sfantou, D., Laliotis, A., Patelarou, A., Sifaki- Pistolla, D., Matalliotakis, M., & Patelarou, E. (2017). Importance of leadership style towards quality of care measures in healthcare settings: A systematic review. Healthcare, 5(4), 73. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare5040073

Skipwith, M. (2022). Assessing the problem: leadership, collaboration, communication, change management, and policy considerations (Assessment 1).

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Skipwith, M. (2022). Assessing the problem: Technology, Care Coordination, and Community Resources Considerations (Assessment 3).

Strategic Management Services LLC. (2019). OCR releases FAQs about uses and disclosures for care coordination and continuity of care. https://www.compliance.com/resources/ocr-releases-faqs-about-uses-and-disclosures-forcare-coordination-and-continuity-ofcare/#:~:text=Under%20the%20HIPAA%20Privacy%20Rule%2C%20care%20coordinat ion%20is,individual%20who%20is%20the%20subject%20of%20the%20PHI.

Suresh, R., Alam, A., & Karkossa, Z. (2021). Using peer support to strengthen mental health during the covid-19 pandemic: A review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.714181

Swan, B. A., Haas, S., & Jessie, A. T. (2019). Care coordination: roles of registered nurses across the care continuum. Nursing Economics, 37(6). https://jdc.jefferson.edu/nursfp/101/

U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid. (n.d.). Rights & protections. HealthCare.gov. https://www.healthcare.gov/health-care-law-protections/rights-andprotections/

Yadlapati, R., Dakhoul, L., Pandolfino, J. E., & Keswani, R. N. (2017). The quality of care for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Digestive Diseases and Sciences, 62(3), 569–576. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-016-4409-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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